Made for a philanthropic institution founded in 1928, this is the first authoral project by Oscar Niemeyer. Under great influence of Le Corbusier, with whom the architect had worked in the previous year, the building follows the five principles of modern architecture disseminated by the master.
The floor plan is free thanks to the use of a reinforced concrete structure which also allows flexibility and freedom on the facade. On the ground level, the structure appears as pilotis, creating a small covered terrace under the front facade.
Closed with vertical brise soleil, the front facade has horizontal windows. A rectangular volume, also with a retangular window, stands out from the facade grid on the third floor. The brises were originally horizontal, however, after being proved uneffective, these were replaced by a vertical moving system, without precedent in Brazil. The third floor has access to a garden terrace, now not in use anymore.
Project Birth Year/Construction Year
1937 / 1942
Rua Cícero Góis Monteiro nº19, Lagoa
Info & Details
José de Souza Reis (arquitetura) e Olavo Redig de Campos
Visiting: Monday to Friday 8:00h – 18:00h